What is Ecchymosis?

Eccyhmosis is indicated by a reddish or pale blue staining of the skin that is suddenly brought about by a medicinal condition.

The onset of reddish or pale blue staining of the skin is because of the leakage of blood from burst veins into the vessels. It is a subcutaneous purpura with a diameter of 1cm and is different from a wound.

Ecchymosis is a level of hematoma that is bigger than 10mm or more than 1cm in width. It is an extravasation of blood in the thin layer of the skin that happened because of a crack inside the vein bringing about the blood to spill into the layer of the skin.

It is sometimes considered same as a wound however the two are very different. The wound is a blood spilling into the thin layer of the skin as an aftereffect of trauma while ecchymosis happened suddenly as a result of a therapeutic condition.

What are the main indications of Ecchymosis?

Ecchymosis does not have many side effects to show. However, the side effects that may be exhibited are due to the medical condition that is responsible for the incidence of Ecchymosis.
The general indications of ecchymosis are given below: 

  • Beginning of skin staining that is reddish or purplish.
  • Presence of pain on the affected area. But in some cases, individuals may not experience any kind of pain.
  • Swelling of the unaffected skin surrounding the site of ecchymosis.

What are the main causes of Ecchymosis? 

Ecchymosis is not a fatal disorder and is usually safe. The onset of ecchymosis can be a mild inflammatory reaction of the body or can be a more difficult medical problem.

Ecchymosis is majorly the consequence of blunt injury that made the veins crack and ooze into the thin layer of the skin without a cut or any break in the skin to permit the blood to leave the skin surface. The accumulation of blood inside the skin layers causes the red or purplish staining of the skin.

 

What is the treatment for the problem of Ecchymosis?

Ecchymosis can be easily and effectively treated at home using homemade remedies. But in case home treatment proves to be ineffective, seek medical help from your physician immediately.

Treatment of ecchymosis are given below:

  • Elevation of the affected site can help in decreasing the irritation
  • Pain relievers, for example, ibuprofen
  • Rest
  • Ice application
Advertisements

Identify and deal with Camel Spider Bite

Pictures of camel spider and the urban legend associated with it has become viral on the Internet. This has made people afraid of the camel spider bite. The camel spider for the most part of their lives in dry desert territories. Do you want to know what are camel spiders? What are the symptoms of camel spider bite and how to treat it?

The easiest way to recognize a camel spider bite is to see the insect that has caused the bite. This makes it very important for us to know the distinguishable characteristics of the camel spider so that we can easily identify it.

A camel spider is not really a spider as it is an 8-legged creature. But not all 8-legged creature are insects. The camel spider belongs to the class of an 8-legged creatures known as “solfugids”, signifying “those who escape from the sun”. Ancient Greeks, classified these 8-legged creatures separate from spiders.

Camel Spiders also have some features that resemble a scorpion also. Therefore, it is very important for an individual to know how to differentiate a Camel Spider from both spiders and scorpions.

The most ideal approach to precisely distinguish a camel spider bite is to appropriately recognize the insect that is responsible for it. Once the camel spider is decidedly distinguished as the insect that caused the bite, the accompanying signs of camel spider bite and manifestations may similarly be available:

  1. High Intensity Pain – A camel spider bite is extremely agonizing, a result of the insect’s chelicerae which act and look like crab pliers.
  2. Inflammation – Because the bite from a camel spider causes injury to the encompassing tissue, swelling will occur as the typical burning reaction of the body happens.
  3. Loss of Blood– Depending on the span of the camel spider and the region bitten, the bite may result in small or excessive amount of bleeding.

It is very important for an individual to know how to treat and do first aid after the camel spider bite. Following are some points that may help you solve this problem:

Since camel spiders are non-venomous, the injury made by the bite can be dealt with and given medical aid simply like other similar injury brought about by different means.

There are numerous camel spider bite pictures that can help you understand what does camel spider bite look.

5 Steps for First Aid and Treatment for Camel Spider Bite

  1. Wash the affected are with saline solution or gentle cleanser and water. Camel spider bites don’t have venom, yet they can be loaded with microorganisms which may bring about contamination later on. Therefore, it is very important to cleanse the affected area.
  2. Apply an antiseptic cream.
  3. Apply bandage depending on the size of the wound.
  4. Get an anti-tetanus injection, in case it is possible from a nearby medical clinic.
  5. Contact the doctor immediately in case the situation gets out of control. If you do not seek medical attention at the right time, then the wound may become worse and difficult to treat.

Progesterone During Pregnancy

Progesterone pregnancy is a steroid based hormone that is extremely important during the process of pregnancy because it helps to maintain the nutritional strength of you and your baby at all times. Progesterone is only produced by the ovaries up to the point when the placenta has developed enough to produce progesterone for itself. Progesterone is produced for an average period of nine months after which progesterone levels drop inducing labour and delivery.

What Are the Functions of Progesterone During Pregnancy?

Many do not understand the relationship between progesterone and pregnancy but at the end of the day progesterone pregnancy is an interrelated concept that must be understood in order to go through a healthy pregnancy.

  1. Prepare for Conception

The process starts with an egg ovulating from which the tissue that holds it starts to produce progesterone pregnancy so as to strengthen the ovarian wall and make way for a safe conception. Once this is done and implantation occurs the ovary continues to produce a steady amount of progesterone for the first few weeks so that a healthy pregnancy can go about. This occurs only till the placenta can create progesterone on it own accord as well which is the basis of a healthy pregnancy.

  1. Support Pregnancy
  • Progesterone plays a very important role on the physiological changes of a mother’s immune system so that no attacks are made on the foetus.
  • Increase in the glycogen and arterial lining of the uterine wall allows for more nutrition for the baby.
  • The thickening of your cervix and the creation of a mucous plug prevents bacteria from entering the uterus at all costs.
  1. Prevent Preterm Labor

FDA in 2011 approved of injecting progesterone into women that have preterm labour symptoms, Though this is not wise if you have already suffered with preterm labour or if you are having more than one baby.

Normal Progesterone Levels During Pregnancy

Progesterone is a very important part of pregnancy and it is very important that a pregnant lady maintain certain levels of progesterone throughout the period of their pregnancy, these levels are:

  1. One to Two Weeks: the normal amount of progesterone produced by the ovaries in the first 2 weeks of pregnancy is 1-1.5ng/ml daily. The fist day of pregnancy is calculated from the last day of your period.
  2. Three to Four Weeks: The levels of progesterone provided by the body during ovulation are 2ng/ml and after ovulation it increases by 1-3ng/ml daily. The maximum levels of progesterone should stop at 13-20ng/ml.
  3. Five to Six Weeks: progesterone pregnancy uses it as a means of nutritional support for the embryo so that nutrition can be supplied through the placenta.
  4. Seven to Fourteen: during this time the placenta has already started to make its own progesterone which is about 15-60g/ml.

Progesterone pregnancy levels throughout your menstrual cycle and pregnancy period

  1. progesterone to be used during menstrual cycle:

Day 1-14 — 1 to 1.5ng/ml

Day 15-28 — 2-28 ng/ml

  1. progesterone to be used during pregnancy

First Trimester — 9-47 ng/ml

Second Trimester — 17-147 ng/ml

Third Trimester — 55-200 ng/ml

For more Information on Progesterone During Pregnancy Click Here

Why Does Low Progesterone Happen?

Sometimes ladies go through spotting or sparse bleeding which indicates low progesterone levels which could increase the chances of miscarriage and needs to be taken care of immeidately:

  1. Ectopic Pregnancy

This is caused due to the misplacement of the blastocyst in the fallopian tube rather than the ovarian wall and though it is very rare it can be very dangerous to both you and your baby.

A few risk factors of ectopic pregnancy is pelvic inflammatory diseases constricted fallopian tube, , endometriosis, scar tissues, , abdominal and lower back pain vaginal bleeding, , and dizziness due to blood loss.

Ectopic pregnancy is a very serious condition and required immediate injection of the required medication or immediate medical intervention.

  1. Other causes
  • High levels of estrogen.
  • Inactivity
  • Resistance to insulin
  • Starvation or an unbalanced diet
  • Stress may lead to high levels of cortisol in the body

The best way to know how to deal with low progesterone levels

It is very necessary that you maintain optimal progesterone pregnancy levels throughout trying to get pregnant and even after because that way you will remain healthy and keep your child healthy as well. It is very important to keep your doctor in the loop at all times as well. In some cases you would need to take progesterone supplements both before and after pregnancy:

  • Before pregnancy: this is a great way to substitute the progesterone produced by ovaries before conception and helps to make the walls thick in order for egg implantation.
  • After pregnancy: this is used to sustain the endometrium till the placenta can start developing its own means of progesterone.

Given below are few forms by which you can take progesterone supplements:

  1. Vaginal products
  • Suppositories for the vagina: though this is widely used 2 to 3 times daily at the end of the day it is not FDA approved.
  • Inserts for the vagina: this is the best means of progesterone for women under 35 and should remain at a dosage of 2 to 3 times daily. It is necessary that this remains as a progesterone supplement and not as a replacement.
  1. Progesterone oral capsules: this is normally used orally as the name suggests but it can also be used vaginally though it is not FDA approved. The dosage should remain at 3 times daily.
  2. Injections:this is a generally used method that is oil based. The dosage is injected through the buttocks for the desired results. this should be done only once a day.

Precautions of Taking Progesterone

When searching for the various used of progesterone pregnancy you must know that there are many faults to taking this during pregnancy as heightened progesterone levels in the body may have adverse effects which could be harmful to your baby:

  • Constipation: progesterone not only slows down uterine muscles but it also has an adverse effect on intestinal smooth muscles as well, slowing down the process causing constipation.
  • Headaches: very similarly headaches are caused by the vasodilation of blood vessels that work hard to supply the brain.
  • Depression/moodiness: this is primarily caused due to hormonal imbalances in the body.
  • Nose congestion: progesterone pregnancy causes relaxation of nasal muscles causing congestion at times.
  • Tiredness: increased progesterone pregnancy puts a lot of pressure on the central nervous system or CNS making you feel very tired at all times.
  • Tenderness of breast

Via : Health Whoop