Progesterone pregnancy is a steroid based hormone that is extremely important during the process of pregnancy because it helps to maintain the nutritional strength of you and your baby at all times. Progesterone is only produced by the ovaries up to the point when the placenta has developed enough to produce progesterone for itself. Progesterone is produced for an average period of nine months after which progesterone levels drop inducing labour and delivery.
What Are the Functions of Progesterone During Pregnancy?
Many do not understand the relationship between progesterone and pregnancy but at the end of the day progesterone pregnancy is an interrelated concept that must be understood in order to go through a healthy pregnancy.
- Prepare for Conception
The process starts with an egg ovulating from which the tissue that holds it starts to produce progesterone pregnancy so as to strengthen the ovarian wall and make way for a safe conception. Once this is done and implantation occurs the ovary continues to produce a steady amount of progesterone for the first few weeks so that a healthy pregnancy can go about. This occurs only till the placenta can create progesterone on it own accord as well which is the basis of a healthy pregnancy.
- Support Pregnancy
- Progesterone plays a very important role on the physiological changes of a mother’s immune system so that no attacks are made on the foetus.
- Increase in the glycogen and arterial lining of the uterine wall allows for more nutrition for the baby.
- The thickening of your cervix and the creation of a mucous plug prevents bacteria from entering the uterus at all costs.
- Prevent Preterm Labor
FDA in 2011 approved of injecting progesterone into women that have preterm labour symptoms, Though this is not wise if you have already suffered with preterm labour or if you are having more than one baby.
Normal Progesterone Levels During Pregnancy
Progesterone is a very important part of pregnancy and it is very important that a pregnant lady maintain certain levels of progesterone throughout the period of their pregnancy, these levels are:
- One to Two Weeks: the normal amount of progesterone produced by the ovaries in the first 2 weeks of pregnancy is 1-1.5ng/ml daily. The fist day of pregnancy is calculated from the last day of your period.
- Three to Four Weeks: The levels of progesterone provided by the body during ovulation are 2ng/ml and after ovulation it increases by 1-3ng/ml daily. The maximum levels of progesterone should stop at 13-20ng/ml.
- Five to Six Weeks: progesterone pregnancy uses it as a means of nutritional support for the embryo so that nutrition can be supplied through the placenta.
- Seven to Fourteen: during this time the placenta has already started to make its own progesterone which is about 15-60g/ml.
Progesterone pregnancy levels throughout your menstrual cycle and pregnancy period
- progesterone to be used during menstrual cycle:
Day 1-14 — 1 to 1.5ng/ml
Day 15-28 — 2-28 ng/ml
- progesterone to be used during pregnancy
First Trimester — 9-47 ng/ml
Second Trimester — 17-147 ng/ml
Third Trimester — 55-200 ng/ml
For more Information on Progesterone During Pregnancy Click Here
Why Does Low Progesterone Happen?
Sometimes ladies go through spotting or sparse bleeding which indicates low progesterone levels which could increase the chances of miscarriage and needs to be taken care of immeidately:
- Ectopic Pregnancy
This is caused due to the misplacement of the blastocyst in the fallopian tube rather than the ovarian wall and though it is very rare it can be very dangerous to both you and your baby.
A few risk factors of ectopic pregnancy is pelvic inflammatory diseases constricted fallopian tube, , endometriosis, scar tissues, , abdominal and lower back pain vaginal bleeding, , and dizziness due to blood loss.
Ectopic pregnancy is a very serious condition and required immediate injection of the required medication or immediate medical intervention.
- Other causes
- High levels of estrogen.
- Resistance to insulin
- Starvation or an unbalanced diet
- Stress may lead to high levels of cortisol in the body
The best way to know how to deal with low progesterone levels
It is very necessary that you maintain optimal progesterone pregnancy levels throughout trying to get pregnant and even after because that way you will remain healthy and keep your child healthy as well. It is very important to keep your doctor in the loop at all times as well. In some cases you would need to take progesterone supplements both before and after pregnancy:
- Before pregnancy: this is a great way to substitute the progesterone produced by ovaries before conception and helps to make the walls thick in order for egg implantation.
- After pregnancy: this is used to sustain the endometrium till the placenta can start developing its own means of progesterone.
Given below are few forms by which you can take progesterone supplements:
- Vaginal products
- Suppositories for the vagina: though this is widely used 2 to 3 times daily at the end of the day it is not FDA approved.
- Inserts for the vagina: this is the best means of progesterone for women under 35 and should remain at a dosage of 2 to 3 times daily. It is necessary that this remains as a progesterone supplement and not as a replacement.
- Progesterone oral capsules: this is normally used orally as the name suggests but it can also be used vaginally though it is not FDA approved. The dosage should remain at 3 times daily.
- Injections:this is a generally used method that is oil based. The dosage is injected through the buttocks for the desired results. this should be done only once a day.
Precautions of Taking Progesterone
When searching for the various used of progesterone pregnancy you must know that there are many faults to taking this during pregnancy as heightened progesterone levels in the body may have adverse effects which could be harmful to your baby:
- Constipation: progesterone not only slows down uterine muscles but it also has an adverse effect on intestinal smooth muscles as well, slowing down the process causing constipation.
- Headaches: very similarly headaches are caused by the vasodilation of blood vessels that work hard to supply the brain.
- Depression/moodiness: this is primarily caused due to hormonal imbalances in the body.
- Nose congestion: progesterone pregnancy causes relaxation of nasal muscles causing congestion at times.
- Tiredness: increased progesterone pregnancy puts a lot of pressure on the central nervous system or CNS making you feel very tired at all times.
- Tenderness of breast