Cold Sores

Cold sores, also known as fever blisters, are tiny fluid-filled blisters that generally form a cluster, usually at the edge of the bottom lip. Before the blisters appear, one may feel itching, tingling, or burning in the area. Eventually, the blisters will pop, form a crust, and disappear in about two to four weeks.

A cold sore is usually caused due to viral infection by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). There are two categories or types of this virus, HSV-1 and HSV-2. HSV-1 is the basic cause oral cold sores, and HSV-2 mainly is responsible for the sores on the genitals. However, both HSV-1 and HSV-2 can cause sores on either location if one is exposed to them.

The herpes virus is extremely contagious. It spreads easily through skin contact. The virus can spread in the following ways:

  • Kissing
  • Oral Sex
  • Sharing Towels
  • Sharing Razors
  • Sharing Eating Utensils

If the virus is present in a body, one can spread the infection even when he is not having symptoms. The virus is even more contagious during an outbreak of the sore or when a cold sore is visible.

Not everyone carrying HSV-1 gets cold sores regularly. One may only get one after the early infection, but the virus still remains in passive condition and hidden in the body forever. Others experience regular outbreaks of cold sores that may be triggered by the following:

  • Illness or fever
  • Menstruation
  • Stress
  • Injury
  • Sun exposure
  • An immune system deficiency
  • Lack of sleep

Treating Cold Sores

Cold sores will generally disappear without treatment in about two to four weeks. But there are a few ways to speed up the healing process.

One can get a prescription from his doctor of antiviral medications. These medications can be taken in pill form, or one can also apply a cream or ointment version. Some are also available over the counter. Medications in the form of pills help to shorten the outbreak time of the sores.  ointments and Creams help reduce the austerity of the symptoms.

Antiviral pills include:

  • Acyclovir (Zovirax)
  • Famciclovir (Famvir)
  • Valacyclovir (Valtrex)

The Ointments used to reduce the cold sores include:

  • Penciclovir (Denavir)
  • Docosanol (Abreva)
  • Acyclovir (Zovirax)

Other treatments one can use at home include using a cold compress, keeping your lips protected from extensive sun exposure, and applying an over-the-counter cream that has benzocaine or lidocaine for pain relief. In case of any emergency, call your doctor immediately.

What is Ecchymosis?

Eccyhmosis is indicated by a reddish or pale blue staining of the skin that is suddenly brought about by a medicinal condition.

The onset of reddish or pale blue staining of the skin is because of the leakage of blood from burst veins into the vessels. It is a subcutaneous purpura with a diameter of 1cm and is different from a wound.

Ecchymosis is a level of hematoma that is bigger than 10mm or more than 1cm in width. It is an extravasation of blood in the thin layer of the skin that happened because of a crack inside the vein bringing about the blood to spill into the layer of the skin.

It is sometimes considered same as a wound however the two are very different. The wound is a blood spilling into the thin layer of the skin as an aftereffect of trauma while ecchymosis happened suddenly as a result of a therapeutic condition.

What are the main indications of Ecchymosis?

Ecchymosis does not have many side effects to show. However, the side effects that may be exhibited are due to the medical condition that is responsible for the incidence of Ecchymosis.
The general indications of ecchymosis are given below: 

  • Beginning of skin staining that is reddish or purplish.
  • Presence of pain on the affected area. But in some cases, individuals may not experience any kind of pain.
  • Swelling of the unaffected skin surrounding the site of ecchymosis.

What are the main causes of Ecchymosis? 

Ecchymosis is not a fatal disorder and is usually safe. The onset of ecchymosis can be a mild inflammatory reaction of the body or can be a more difficult medical problem.

Ecchymosis is majorly the consequence of blunt injury that made the veins crack and ooze into the thin layer of the skin without a cut or any break in the skin to permit the blood to leave the skin surface. The accumulation of blood inside the skin layers causes the red or purplish staining of the skin.

 

What is the treatment for the problem of Ecchymosis?

Ecchymosis can be easily and effectively treated at home using homemade remedies. But in case home treatment proves to be ineffective, seek medical help from your physician immediately.

Treatment of ecchymosis are given below:

  • Elevation of the affected site can help in decreasing the irritation
  • Pain relievers, for example, ibuprofen
  • Rest
  • Ice application

Identify and deal with Camel Spider Bite

Pictures of camel spider and the urban legend associated with it has become viral on the Internet. This has made people afraid of the camel spider bite. The camel spider for the most part of their lives in dry desert territories. Do you want to know what are camel spiders? What are the symptoms of camel spider bite and how to treat it?

The easiest way to recognize a camel spider bite is to see the insect that has caused the bite. This makes it very important for us to know the distinguishable characteristics of the camel spider so that we can easily identify it.

A camel spider is not really a spider as it is an 8-legged creature. But not all 8-legged creature are insects. The camel spider belongs to the class of an 8-legged creatures known as “solfugids”, signifying “those who escape from the sun”. Ancient Greeks, classified these 8-legged creatures separate from spiders.

Camel Spiders also have some features that resemble a scorpion also. Therefore, it is very important for an individual to know how to differentiate a Camel Spider from both spiders and scorpions.

The most ideal approach to precisely distinguish a camel spider bite is to appropriately recognize the insect that is responsible for it. Once the camel spider is decidedly distinguished as the insect that caused the bite, the accompanying signs of camel spider bite and manifestations may similarly be available:

  1. High Intensity Pain – A camel spider bite is extremely agonizing, a result of the insect’s chelicerae which act and look like crab pliers.
  2. Inflammation – Because the bite from a camel spider causes injury to the encompassing tissue, swelling will occur as the typical burning reaction of the body happens.
  3. Loss of Blood– Depending on the span of the camel spider and the region bitten, the bite may result in small or excessive amount of bleeding.

It is very important for an individual to know how to treat and do first aid after the camel spider bite. Following are some points that may help you solve this problem:

Since camel spiders are non-venomous, the injury made by the bite can be dealt with and given medical aid simply like other similar injury brought about by different means.

There are numerous camel spider bite pictures that can help you understand what does camel spider bite look.

5 Steps for First Aid and Treatment for Camel Spider Bite

  1. Wash the affected are with saline solution or gentle cleanser and water. Camel spider bites don’t have venom, yet they can be loaded with microorganisms which may bring about contamination later on. Therefore, it is very important to cleanse the affected area.
  2. Apply an antiseptic cream.
  3. Apply bandage depending on the size of the wound.
  4. Get an anti-tetanus injection, in case it is possible from a nearby medical clinic.
  5. Contact the doctor immediately in case the situation gets out of control. If you do not seek medical attention at the right time, then the wound may become worse and difficult to treat.